Signs and Symptoms of Pregnancy
There can be many signs and symptoms of pregnancy. Although there are general symptoms that can be applied to many different kinds of pregnancies, there are also particular signs that relate to a certain type of pregnancy, like twins, teen, and second pregnancies. In general, all signs and symptoms of pregnancy can include things that are experienced right before or during a menstrual cycle. Such as:
Flu-like symptoms can be a sign of pregnancy, especially in the first term. Many moms have reported experiencing flu-like symptoms in the first or second month of gestation. These symptoms can include coughing, runny nose, a rise in body temperature, nausea, fatigue, congestion, and headaches. When you get pregnant, like when you get the flu, your waking basal body temperature will rise and a high waking basal body temperature for eighteen days indicates a pregnancy. Although these symptoms do not guarantee a pregnancy is eminent, if you think you are pregnant, get a pregnancy test or go to the doctor to make sure.
Premenstrual Syndrome or PMS
Premenstrual syndrome or PMS is a group of symptoms that happen to women usually between ovulation and a period. PMS can have a wide range of symptoms. They can include pain in the breast abdomen, pelvis, back, muscles or joints. The symptoms can relate to gastrointestinal discomfort such as water retention, bloating, diarrhea or constipation. The whole body may be affected in the form of hot flashes, loss of appetite, excessive hunger, or appetite changes in general. Psychological changes can be noticed as well such as anxiety or depression.
In addition, women may experience acne, painful menstruation, weight gain, headache, loss of concentration, moodiness, insomnia, irritability, and overall discontent. Having no PMS symptoms can be a sign of pregnancy. If a woman who usually has PMS symptoms does not have them that may be an indicator that she could be pregnant.
Some women may wonder if they are carrying twins. There are a number of factors that contribute to the likelihood of a twin pregnancy. A woman has a greater chance of having twins if she has undergone in vitro fertilization, has a family history of twins, or if she has had a previous child. Also women over thirty are more likely to have twins and African American women have more twins than any other race. Signs and symptoms of twin pregnancy will have some variation from an ordinary pregnancy.
While some of the signs are the same there are some particular things to look out for if a woman thinks she is having twins. In particular, a woman carrying twin will experience exaggerated symptoms because her body is producing more hormones that cause pregnancy symptoms. She may also experience rapid weight gain, particularly in the first trimester. The most secure way of determining if a woman is carrying twins is to go to the doctor and see if two heartbeats can be heard, or if during an ultrasound, two babies are seen.
Pregnancy Signs and Symptoms
While many second pregnancy signs and symptoms are the same as the first, many second-time moms can have a slightly different experience. If a mother is expecting a second child some of the signs of pregnancy can include extra tiredness, leaking breasts, more rapidly expanding stomach, more of a likelihood of experiencing Braxton-hicks contractions more frequently, less weight gain, more pelvic pain and pressure, and extra extreme pregnancy symptoms.
The reason for extra tiredness is that the mother will most likely be running around after her first child and her body needs to slow down. Leaking breasts occur because a mother’s body has already produced milk for the first time and it is already prepared to do so for the second baby. Her stomach expands more rapidly and she has increased pelvic pain and pressure because her body has already gone through it before, therefore her uterus has already stretched out and is more elastic that the first pregnancy. Also, the bones and joints in her pelvic area have already been stressed with the first pregnancy, so they are more likely to still be loose. All in all, second pregnancy signs and symptoms can be more extreme for a second-time mother.
Many of the signs and symptoms of teenage pregnancy are the same as any other pregnancy. Although some symptoms may be more prominent. One early sign of teenage pregnancy is extra moodiness. This is caused by changing hormone levels and may cause teenage mothers to seem very irritable or tense. A pregnant teen may experience pain in one or both breasts as they expand to prepare to produce milk for the forthcoming child. Many teenagers experience an increase in urination within a week or two after conception caused by her uterus putting pressure on her bladder. Pregnant teens also usually experience severe morning sickness in the early stages of pregnancy. In addition, fatigue and appetite changes can occur. For example, a pregnant teenage girl may feel extremely tired after school, so she will come straight home and take a nap. Finally, the sign that typically alerts the girl that she is pregnant is a missed period.
Early pregnancy symptoms and signs typically include nausea and vomiting in the first trimester (1st week - 13 weeks), additional weight gain, a severe backache, a larger uterus than is anticipated in relation to her due date, and more fetal movement than likely during the second trimester (14 weeks - 27 weeks) or later. The extra amount of nausea and vomiting can be associated with an increase in the hormones created during pregnancy that can cause these symptoms.
All of the other signs are related to multiple babies in the womb that cause the extra weight gain, extra movement, and cause more of a strain on the mother’s body. All signs and symptoms of pregnancy can and will be different for different women. Even the same woman can experience different symptoms during different pregnancies. A woman should visit her doctor to get a definitive answer and get early pregnancy care.