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IUD Pregnancy: Symptoms and Risks

calendarSeptember 16, 2016

Pregnancy symptoms with iudIUD Pregnancy Symptoms

There are quite a lot of things that you would have to take into consideration when the topic is about pregnancy. The truth is that one of the most common questions that women are wondering about “Can you become pregnant while using an intrauterine contraceptive device or an IUD?”, as it’s commonly referred to.  

While it’s not quite common, but yes it’s possible and it can definitely happen. Below, you are going to find out what the IUD pregnancy symptoms are as well as all of the specifications that are related with IUD. 

Using an IUD can prevent pregnancy in the vast majority of situations. The IUD prevents pregnancy by making the lining of the uterus less favorable for implantation.


What is an IUD?

It seems appropriate by explaining what an IUD actually is before moving on to the chances of getting pregnant with IUD.  As mentioned above, IUD stands for an intrauterine contraceptive device. There are different types of IUDs and it could be a coil, a loop or a T-shape made out of metal or plastic.

Out of all other contraceptive methods, this one is the one which unravels lowest failure rates. This means that you are most likely to protect yourself from becoming pregnant with an IUD than with every other contraceptive method.

There are still some slight chances of the IUD to fail even though it’s generally accepted as the safest contraceptive. The IUD is being inserted into the woman's uterus by a professional under thorough supervision. The procedure, even though appearing scary, is actually routine.

How Does the IUD Work?

Regardless of the type of IUD you go for,  this device is going to prevent pregnancy by artificially change the way that male’s sperm move in order to prevent from getting to the egg. While some of the solutions are using an actual physical implant and others are hormonal, the idea is the same.

Even though the solution offers quite considerable protection, women still wonder whether they can get pregnant even after using IUD. The answer, unfortunately, is yes. The IUD method is going to provide you with an approximate protection amounting to about 99.7%, theoretically, there is still a chance. So, it seems rather important for us to take a look at the signs of pregnancy with IUD.

Symptoms of Pregnancy with IUD

There is no measurable difference between regular pregnancy symptoms and those that tend to occur when you are using an IUD. If you get pregnant while on the IUD, you can get a great deal of cramping as the embryo and IUD compete for space. You can also get bleeding if you are pregnant and have an IUD. This may mean you are having a miscarriage because the fetus and the IUD do not fit well in the same space. If the IUD doesn’t interfere with pregnancy and the pregnancy goes to term, it is usually because the IUD has been expelled and the fetus is growing normally.

The symptoms that you are pregnant with IUD include:

  • nausea and vomiting;
  • expanding belly;
  • fatigue;
  • the presence of fetal movements.

If you get pregnant while using an IUD, the pregnancy may not go to term because the fetus is trying to grow with a foreign body in the uterus. There can be bleeding and cramping because the IUD does not fit well with a growing fetus.  Sometimes, the IUD has been expelled and the symptoms of pregnancy are no different than with a normal pregnancy.

You get nausea, vomiting and fatigue, along with a missed period and some cramping. There is increased vaginal discharge and eventually your belly expands so that it becomes obvious that you are pregnant. To make sure that the IUD hasn’t expelled itself, it is important to feel for the string coming out of the cervical canal.

Of course, you can also take a regular at-home pregnancy test but keep in mind that it might not be accurate. This is especially true if you are doing it a few days after you missed your period. A blood test, on the other hand, is most certainly going to show you  are pregnant or not. 

Read also: Tubal Pregnancy Symptoms

Symptoms of Pregnancy with Mirena

If you get pregnant with Mirena, it most likely becomes an ectopic pregnancy because the IUD device doesn’t allow for implantation of the embryo into the uterus. The symptoms of a pregnancy following insertion of an IUD involves cramping and lower abdominal or pelvic pain. There is bleeding from the ectopic pregnancy that isn’t associated with a period. The bleeding can be extremely heavy and, if the ectopic pregnancy ruptures, this can be a medical emergency.

The treatment for a heavily bleeding ectopic pregnancy is to do emergency surgery that removes the pregnancy and the damaged tube. Even if an ectopic pregnancy is dealt with on an emergency basis, the individual can die from hemorrhaging. 

Symptoms of Pregnancy with a Copper T IUD

The copper T IUD does not contain any medication in it like Mirena does, but it can lead to a pregnancy in rare cases. The copper T device can fall out, leading to a pregnancy that progresses normally. It can also lead to an ectopic pregnancy that is not survivable for the embryo. The symptoms are bleeding, cramping, and abdominal pain that requires surgery to remove the damaged section of fallopian tube and the products of conception.

Read also: Ectopic Pregnancy Symptoms

Risks Associated with IUD Pregnancy 

As informed you before, the signs of pregnancy with IUD might be the same but the entire thing carries a larger percentage of risks. In fact, a woman is 50% likely to miscarry if she has the IUD still in place. After you understand that you are pregnant, the IUD should be immediately removed by a medical professional. Unfortunately, even if the IUD is removed, 1 in 4 women are going to miscarry the baby anyway. If the woman is pregnant and she’s used an IUD, it’s highly advisable to have your doctor monitor the entire pregnancy period a lot more closely.

There is also a chance of IUD complications so you might want to keep track for infection symptoms. A pretty clear sign that something’s wrong is a fever. If you experience fever, this could be a sign of infection so go ahead and check with a professional right away. In any case, there is a high risk of tubal or ectopic pregnancy in which the impregnated egg is going to remain in the fallopian tubes instead of in the uterus and that’s most likely to end in a loss of pregnancy. That’s why you need to approach these types of situations particularly carefully.

Now, even though your chances of becoming pregnant with IUD are rather scarce, you should still be very careful and monitor your overall condition. The complications are only going to appear in certain situations. You should keep in mind that all of the above are not practically mandatory and in some instances there might not even be any complications at all. However, this shouldn’t be reassuring and you should definitely see that you are being carefully overseen. IUD is a great contraceptive method but if it fails the complications might be considerable. That’s why you have to make sure that if you have no period for the month you should go ahead and check with your doctor. 

Can I Get Pregnant after IUD Removal?

An IUD of high quality is not only a highly effective contraceptive – it’s also particularly beneficial for treating some disorders such as abnormal uterine bleeding. It promotes about 99% protection and it’s very preferable. However, a common question asked by a lot of women is whether you can get pregnant after it’s removed.    

Luckily and fortunately enough – yes, you can. As a matter of fact, you can start trying right after the removal. However, it is usually going to take about four to six months for women to conceive and about 85-90% of the women are going to conceive after a year has passed. 

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