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Everything About Miscarriage: Symptoms, Causes & Chances

calendarJuly 26, 2016

How to prevent miscarriage

It’s very important for a woman to monitor her pregnancy symptoms week by week to find out the progress of the baby and to also know if there may be unwanted risk by week signs that may cause problems with the growing baby inside the womb.

Pregnancy should be measured by weeks and it usually starts from the very first day of the woman’s period. But, how do you know if there are no symptoms? It is so scary to think that you may feel abortion symptoms or the warning signs of miscarriage, especially you are expecting a baby for quite some time now.

Those who thinks that they are pregnant are often fascinated with the signs that may let them know if they are really pregnant or not. There are different signs of pregnancy depending on a person. One woman may not experience and feel the same as the other woman had. It’s essential for women to know that there are pregnancy symptoms by week, it's best to find out some common symptoms so you will be aware of your baby’s progress. 

During the first 2 weeks of pregnancy, there may be bleeding that may last for around 5 days but this is the last period that you may have since you will not have a period while you are pregnant. The cervical mucus may also change during the first 2 weeks of pregnancy and this may change in consistency week after week. But there are also early signs of miscarriage or there may not be signs at all. This article can help you understand pregnancy and miscarriage at the same time.

How Common Is Miscarriage?

Miscarriage is a word used to define the instance when a pregnancy suddenly ends, it usually occurs in at 20 weeks of pregnancy. This is a medical term that is used to define or identify the possible complications or it may also be a form of early pregnancy loss that provides women with uneasy feeling. In this article, you will learn the reasons for miscarriage, signs of miscarriage and how to prevent miscarriage. 

The experts revealed that around 20% of early pregnancies end in a miscarriage. This often happens in the earliest stages of gestation or even before women know that they are pregnant. Though a lot of women miscarry early in pregnancy without even knowing it, it is still essential to be cautious with signs, so you can immediately seek for medical attention.

Signs of Miscarriage: Early Miscarriage

When women ovulate, their ovary releases an egg that travels through the fallopian tube going to the uterus. As the egg is in the fallopian tube or after reaching the uterus, it may fertilize a sperm. After fertilizing the sperm, it starts to divide. By the time the fertilized egg has reached its 5th day, it will be divided into a blastocyst, this is a big ball of cells. On the 10th day, the blastocyst will embed into the lining of the uterus and it will complete the conception method, thus, it will make you pregnant. 

Implantation is the next big thing; it happens while the blastocyst is in the process of breaking down the tissues for nutrients. If the tissue gives insufficient amount of nutrients, a miscarriage happens. The signs of this kind of very early signs of miscarriage might be more of a heavy menstrual period. Instead of knowing the early signs of miscarriage, a lot of women think that they just had a late yet heavy period. this brings confusion to women, because they do not know if it is just implantation bleeding or miscarriage.

Miscarriage Symptoms

In an estimated ratio, 1 in every 5 pregnancies end in miscarriage, this is better called the spontaneous abortion. A lot of miscarriage happen before the 10th week of gestation. Some of the women know at an early stage that they are pregnant, while some weren’t able to find out until even at 10 weeks. In these instances, the miscarriage symptoms are just similar.

Bleeding as Signs of Miscarriage

Implantation bleeding or miscarriage

Spotting is just usual in the case of implantation, on the other hand, in a lot of instances, this is just slight and less than the usual menstrual flow. The American Pregnancy Association has just said that around 20%-30% of all the pregnancy instances with early bleeding and around ½ of those are just normal and is going through their full term pregnancy.

Implantation bleeding may happen in relation with cramping. On the other hand, the cervix stays closed. If bleeding & cramping will happen all at once in case of an open cervix, miscarriage may happen.

You just have to be aware of the first signs of bleeding to get immediate medical attention:

  1. Brown discharge, bright red blood that may or may not happen along with cramping.
  2. Heavy bleeding without cramping or it may also have cramping.
  3. Bright red blood.
  4. Bleeding that uses more than 1 pad in 1 hr.
  5. Bleeding with clots.
  6. Sudden bleeding.
  7. Heavy bleeding.

Facts About Miscarriage Cramps

Some of the mild cramping are just usual with implantation. However, it usually went on while pregnant as the body alters to be able to house a growing fetus. Usual cramping is just mild and it will also go in time. If on the other hand, the cramp feeling has any of these characteristics, you might be having a miscarriage:

  • mild to heavy cramping, it is usually worse and with pain than your regular menstrual cramps;
  • lower back pain;
  • went on for more than the usual time;
  • it has bleeding.

There is Liquid or Mucus

The liquid or the mucus that passes through the vagina might get your attention. White pinkish mucus or if there is a solid tissue, that may be a placenta tissue. Doctors suggest that you preserve the tissue by using an airtight container and then go to the hospital right away. There may be a sudden rush of liquid and that may also indicate a miscarriage.

Other Signs of Miscarriage

There are other signs of miscarriage. You must always be cautious about your body, check some signs for possible miscarriage. If you have noticed sudden weight loss, the absence of pregnancy signs, no heartbeat during an ultrasound and if you feel that something is not quite right during your first trimester, then you might be having a miscarriage.

Possible Reasons for Miscarriage

There are certain reasons why miscarriage happens. Most of the causes are usually unknown. While the first trimester is ongoing, the probability causes of miscarriage are related to the abnormality of the chromosomes. This means that if something is not right with the chromosomes of the baby, miscarriage will occur.

A lot of abnormalities related to chromosomes are brought about by an egg that was damaged or a sperm cell that was damaged. It may also be because of an issue during the time of the division process of the zygote. Some of the other signs may be related to hormonal issues, infections or health problems.

Those who smoke, use drugs, malnourish, drink more than the amount of caffeine needed by the body and those who were exposed to radiation are also at high risk of chances of miscarriage. The implantation of the egg in the lining of the uterine doesn’t happen accordingly. Some say that the maternal age of women also has something to do with miscarriage. Maternal trauma also contributes to miscarriage.

Though the factors are not proven yet as to the real causes of miscarriage, sex, working, heavy exercises and harmful environment may also be culprits. Can stress cause miscarriage? Some say yes, though there is no evidence yet. Can sex cause miscarriage? Some say it contributes to miscarriage, though there is no strong evidence to prove it yet. Can exercise cause miscarriage? Most probably yes, especially if women are always going through strenuous activities.

Implantation Bleeding or Miscarriage

Implantation bleeding is a type of bleeding in the vagina that happens in some women while they are still in the first at 2 weeks of gestation. Because some of the women have experienced spotting or bleeding during the early stage of pregnancy that are still unexplained. It may be harmless because it happens as the egg implants is being fertilized as the uterus starts to adjust to the pregnancy.

There are lots of studies conducted about the precise reasons why there are some who suffers from this kind of bleeding, while some do not. However, implantation bleeding is just unexplainable and it doesn’t affect the pregnancy. Just the same, if you do not experience an implantation bleeding, you must not be worried.

Types of Miscarriages

Miscarriage is an unforeseen event that couples do not want to go through. There are various stages of miscarriage. There are also a lot of information that must be learned to prevent fatality. Understanding and knowing the early signs of pregnancy can help you know if you are suffering from a miscarriage or not.

1. Threatened miscarriage This comes with a bleeding of the uterine and cramping as well. some may also suffer from low back pains, but in this case, the cervix is closed. The bleeding is just the outcome of the implantation.

2. Inadequate miscarriage This is where the abdominal or the painful back has bleeding and the cervix is open. Miscarriage cannot be prevented if there is a dilation of the cervix of the membranes has ruptured. Bleeding and cramping may go on if the miscarriage is not yet complete.

3. Comprehensive miscarriage A completed miscarriage is when the time that the embryo has been emptied out of the uterus. Bleeding must stop right away, because if it persists with pain, a comprehensive miscarriage may be determined by an ultrasound or by having a surgical curettage done.

4. Wasted miscarriage This is the type of miscarriage wherein the women may suffer from having a miscarriage without her knowledge. It happens when the embryonic death has happened but there is no any expulsion of the embryo. It is not yet determined to this day. The symptoms of this may be a loss of the fetus just by simply not hearing any heartbeat at all.

5. Recurring miscarriage This is often defined as having three or, even more, miscarriages in the first trimester of pregnancy. It often affects 1% of the couples who are trying to get pregnant.

6. Blighted ovum This is also known as the embryonic pregnancy. This is where a fertilized egg implants in the wall of the uterine, but the development doesn’t start. As always, there is a gestational sac with or without the yolk sac, however, there is an absence of the fetal development.

7. Ectopic pregnancy This is very common among miscarriages. This is where a fertilized egg implants in a place other than the uterus. Usually, the fallopian tube is the place where the egg implants. The treatment is important to avert the growth of the implanted egg. If it will not be given medical attention right away, this may cause maternal complications.

8. Molar pregnancy This is the outcome of a genetic mistake while the fertilization method leads to the growth of the abnormal tissues in the uterus. This is quite rare and it involves the development of the embryo, however, it has common signs of pregnancy like missed menstrual periods, positive pregnancy test and morning sickness. Miscarriage is inevitable, so you must always go to your doctor to check the condition of your baby. You have to know if your pregnancy is good or if there are possible signs of miscarriage. You need immediate medical attention if there is a miscarriage sign seen by the doctor. There will be serious complications if the fetus will not be removed from your tummy. Miscarriage is a result of a process that you must be aware of to understand why this is happening to couples who are actually expecting a child.

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