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Can You Get Pregnant During Your Period?

calendarJuly 26, 2016
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Can you get pregnant during your period?Can You Get Pregnant During Your Period?

Many women trying to conceive and have various questions about the best times to engage in sexual intercourse to get pregnant. Is it possible to get pregnant right after your period? Is there a chance to get pregnant before your period is due to arrive? Perhaps the most common question we hear is “Can you get pregnant during your period?” For those doubting the chances of getting pregnant while on your period, the likeliness for an egg to get fertilized around this time of the month is quite high in some cases. How is that even possible? Can every woman get pregnant during her period? What are the conditions that make this possible? We’ll explain these below.

How is that even possible? Can every woman get pregnant during her period? What are the conditions that make this possible? We’ll explain these below.

How and When Does Fertilization Occur?

Before we dig deeper into how getting pregnant is possible during your period, we should first explain how and when fertilization occurs. This will give you a better understanding of how the process works, and what influences it. Let’s assume you have

Let’s assume you have a menstrual cycle with an average length of 28 days. The first day of your menstrual cycle is the day your period starts. What causes it to start? Dropped hormone levels, which signal the body to break down the blood-filled tissue lining the uterus, and shed from the body. The bleeding lasts for about 5-6 days, and by day 7 it stops completely. Leading up from day 1 to day 7, your body produces fluid-filled pockets that develop on the ovaries. Each pocket contains 1 egg. Between days 7 and 14, one follicle continues to develop until it reaches maturity. During this time, the lining of the uterus thickens in order to support the fertilized egg if fertilization takes place. On day 14, hormone levels reach their peak and cause the follicle to burst, which releases the egg.

Between days 7 and 14, one follicle continues to develop until it reaches maturity. During this time, the lining of the uterus thickens in order to support the fertilized egg if fertilization takes place. On day 14, hormone levels reach their peak and cause the follicle to burst, which releases the egg. The egg travels down the fallopian tube to the uterus for a few days. If it’s fertilized by sperm cells during this time, then it will continue traveling through the fallopian tube until it reaches the uterus and embeds to the endometrium. If not, then hormone levels drop significantly, which causes your period to start. The tissue lining the uterus and unfertilized egg are expelled through bleeding. The most fertile days of your menstrual cycle are days 14-16, depending on how lengthy your cycle is. If the egg is fertilized when you ovulate, then the probability to get pregnant is very high.

The most fertile days of your menstrual cycle are days 14-16, depending on how lengthy your cycle is. If the egg is fertilized when you ovulate, then the probability to get pregnant is very high.

Read also: Can You Get Pregnant Right Before Your Period? The Expert Answers: No.

Is It Possible to Get Pregnant During Period?

Yes.

An egg that’s released into one of the fallopian tubes can survive up to 24 hours. If you have a shorter menstrual cycle, then it’s possible to ovulate just a few days after your period ends. Sperm cells can survive in the reproductive tract for up to six days. If you’re having sex during your period, then the sperm cells may still hang around, ready to fertilize the egg that’s released by one of your ovaries.

If this happens, then you can get pregnant while on your period. However, this is not possible for women with lengthier menstrual cycles of at least 25-28 days. Unless your menstrual cycle is as short as 22 days, chances of getting pregnant during your period are way too slight.

Read also: Is It Possible to Get Pregnant on Your Period? Real-Life Stories from Our Readers

How to Calculate the Duration of Your Menstrual Cycle?

If you’re unsure about the length of your menstrual cycle, then you should calculate it. This is extremely easy: just count from the day when your last period started to the day before your next period starts, and you’ll get the length of your menstrual cycle. For example, if your last period started on August 3, and your next one starts on September 1, then the length of your menstrual cycle is 29 days.

If your period is irregular, then it will be difficult to know for sure what the average duration of your menstrual cycle is. Women with irregular periods may also get pregnant while bleeding, as ovulation may start just a few days after your period ends.

I Got Pregnant While on My Period, But My Menstrual Cycle Is Longer Than 25 Days

Can I get pregnant during my period?

  • Another possibility is that, instead of your period, you actually experienced spotting. Spotting is mild bleeding that occurs anytime during your menstrual cycle other than your period. It can happen when you ovulate, which is the most fertile period of your menstrual cycle, and hence you might mistake spotting for your period. If you conceived during the time you experienced spotting, then you might believe you had your period when you got pregnant.
  • The second possibility is postcoital bleeding, which occurs right after you have sex. While it’s normal in most cases, postcoital bleeding may indicate the presence of a more serious underlying condition that should be addressed as soon as possible. If you tried to conceive at the time when you experienced postcoital bleeding, then you might think it’s your period instead.

Can I Take a Pregnancy Test While on My Period?

Yes.

There is this misconception that women should not take pregnancy tests during their period because the blood may interfere with the testing, resulting in false or invalid results. However, this is absolutely untrue. During your period, estrogen levels increase dramatically, changing your hormonal balance. Pregnancy tests don’t use estrogen to determine if you’re pregnant or not. Instead, they use human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), a hormone your body produces following implantation. As such, even if estrogen levels are particularly high, this won’t interfere with the testing, so the accuracy of the results won’t be affected.

If you’re afraid you may get a false or invalid result, consider taking a blood test instead. They are usually more accurate at detecting even the lowest levels of hCG in your blood, and the error margin is inexistent, as compared to regular home tests. Also, blood tests can be taken as early as one or two days after the supposed fertilization of the egg, whereas you’d have to wait around 9-10 days if you used a home test instead.

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